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Stress definition | Definition, types & management

Stress definition | Definition, types & management

In this article, you will get detailed information about stress definition, types of stress and management of stress in daily lifestyle.
Stress definition
Stress definition

What is stress?

Stress is a type of mental disorder that goes on continuously in the mind of a person in the form of a conflict which causes deep cracks in the mind and emotions. In this, a person is unable to strike a balance between his mental state and the environment around him, which gives rise to an uneasiness. This uneasiness later causes many psychiatric problems in the person. A person suffering from stress becomes restless due to which he feels emotionally and physically unwell. In such a situation the efficiency of the person is affected and physical and mental development is severely affected.

What is the definition of stress in psychology?

Stress is considered as a psychological mental pain in which a person experiences insecurity and is unable to balance and reconcile with situations such as obstacles (stimuli, people, situations, etc.), demands, taxes or burdens. This affects his mental balance and expressed by various physical and psychological reactions. 

Since the traditional definition of stress focuses on the physiological response, expressed as an uncertain response based on any need of the body. Because a person organizes the conditions and environment around him to maintain the highest level of physical, psychological and social interest. Positive stress helps in improving performance in a person while negative stress also affects our physical health which stress increases the risk of depression such as stroke, heart attack, ulcers and mental illnesses in humans.

What is the best definition of stress?

Stress is a type of factor that primarily affects a person on a physical, mental or emotional level. Stress is driven by both external and internal factors. External factors such as stress from environmental, psychological or social conditions and internal factors such as illness, or stress from other medical procedures. Thus we can say that stress is a complex response to psychological, physiological, neurological and endocrinological factors that affect a person's mind and body.

Types of stress

As we know that good stress is called as eustress whereas bad stress stress is known as distress. Therefore there are three main types of stress.
1 - Acute stress

2 - Episodic acute stress

3 - Chronic stress

1 - Acute stress

Acute stress is the most common type of circumstantial stress. In this, your body controls this stress through a fight or flight response. Such as surviving a car accident, not getting work done on time, arguments with family members, the pressure to win during games, worrying about the future, etc. This type of stress can be both positive and negative. But these stresses have their effect on human life for some period only. If they are properly managed, then these stresses give better results. But severe acute stress conditions can cause serious mental health problems in humans, such as post-traumatic stress disorder.

2 - Episodic acute stress

Episodic acute stress is a type of acute stress in which they recur in a human's life at a certain time. This is seen in those whose lives are always in a state of uncertainty or crisis. These people are often irritable or pessimistic. People with episodic acute stress find it difficult to change their lifestyle because they consider stress to be part of life.

3 - Chronic stress

Chronic stress is a condition of acute stress in which it is not resolved for a long time. This intense tension later turns into chronic stress. It is mainly due to the untimely death of a loved one, divorce, prison sentence, injury in a serious accident.

Stressful situations

Here are some of the events and changes that are more likely to cause stress in people. Some events and changes are classified here according to the amount of stress.

1 - Highest stress-producing situations

- Death of a partner
- Loss of job
- Divorce or separation
- Death of a close relative
- Prison sentence
- Personal injury or illness

2 - High stress-producing situations

- Money problems
- Retirement
- Pregnancy
- Serious health in the family
- Reconciliation with partner
- Sexual problems

3 - Moderate stress-producing situations

- Family arguments
- Legal action over a debt
- New responsibilities at work
- Problems with boss
- Change in living conditions
- Difficulties with in-laws

4 - Lower stress-producing situations

- Change in working conditions
- Minor violations of the law
- Change of schools
- Quarrel with someone
- Joining or leaving a social group
- Change in contact with relatives

How does stress affect the body?

As you know, there is a fight or flight response developed in the evolution of man, in which a human being needs a quick response to survive in danger. The fight or flight response is a biological reaction in which a quick response occurs during a harmful situation, danger,  threat to survival. Our body also reacts to stress with fight or flight mode. During the fight or flight response, the stress hormone adrenaline is released in our body blood which increases the blood pressure due to which our heart pumps so fast which increases blood circulation in the body. At the same time, blood flow in the digestive system decreases so that blood circulation to other muscles of the body can ensure a large supply. 
Adrenaline hormone also stimulates the release of fatty acids and glucose into the bloodstream ready to fuel the muscles. When you are under prolonged stress there is an increased risk of stroke and heart diseases as the levels of fat and cholesterol in the blood increase. Long-term release of stress hormone adrenaline in the body leads to various types of diseases.

Effects of stress?

The sign of stress affects the whole body, mind, emotion, and behavior. The most common symptoms of stress include neck pain, headache, back pain, and dry throat and mouth. First, nervousness, trembling, excessive nap, etc. are the primary symptoms of stress in a human being. When stress problems are severe, it can cause other serious illnesses such as high blood pressure, migraine, irritability, digestive problems including bowel syndrome. Other symptoms include a rapid pulse, heartbeat, sweating, and difficulty swallowing, insomnia is common. Apart from this, there can be dizziness, weakness, and lack of energy in humans. Stress can increase the secretion of stomach acid which can lead to ulcers. The manifestation of stress is not limited to physical symptoms but it also leads to poor concentration, depression, unexplained anxiety or fear for no apparent reason at the mental level.

Management of stress in daily lifestyle

There are the following techniques that can be used in management of stress i.e reducing the degree of stress level in human beings.

1 - Practice some forms of relaxation technique which reduce the stress level such as yoga, meditation, and deep breathing exercises.

2 - Learn to identify your threshold for stress, and do not push yourself past. Live in present.

3 - Take regular appropriate exercise which makes your mood happy.

4 - Avoid excessive consumption of caffeine, alcohol, and tobacco.

5 - Face up to work or relationship problems and try to do something to resolve them.

6 - Eat regular and healthy foods that calm your minds such as walnuts, broccoli, green beans, eggs, oranges, and melon, etc.

7 - Take regular holidays from your work.

8 - Talk to a professional consultant or expert about your problems. They can help you take an objective view of yourself, and solve your problems in the right perspective.

The above article which is based upon the stress definitiontypes of stress and management of stress in daily lifestyle is only for the education and learning purpose.

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