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Osteoporosis causes | Top 12 Osteoporosis causes

Osteoporosis causes | Top 12 Osteoporosis causes 

 In this article, you will get information about the osteoporosis causes, osteoporosis symptoms and how to avoid osteoporosis and its treatment.
Osteoporosis causes
Osteoporosis causes

Osteoporosis causes | Top 12 Osteoporosis causes 

Osteoporosis, which is a bone disease in which bones become weak and break easily, this problem has become common nowadays. Cases of weakening of bones are constantly increasing not only among the aged but also among the youth. The modern lifestyle has made such a change in our routine and eating habits that the youth are also falling prey to osteoporosis.

According to the Osteoporosis Foundation, 1 crore people suffer from this disease every year. 1 in 12 men and 1 in 3 women who have crossed 50 years of age suffer from osteoporosis. According to research at Taiwan Medical University, 50 percent of women suffering from osteoporosis are found to have vitamin D deficiency. It has been observed that 80 percent of spinal fractures in people are caused by osteoporosis.

What is Osteoporosis

Osteoporosis is a disease of bones in which bones become weak and break easily. Reduced bone mineral density is the leading cause of the early fracture. With aging, calcium begins to erode from the bones, which reduces the density of bones and weakens them.

There are mainly two types of osteoporosis. Type 1 and Type 2. Type 1 is more common in women, especially after menopause i.e postmenopausal osteoporosis, while type 2 osteoporosis or senile osteoporosis occurs after the age of 75 years, and equally preys on women and men. Osteoporosis has the greatest effect on the bones of the buttocks, spinal cord and wrists. Nowadays youth are also vulnerable to osteoporosis.

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Symptoms of Osteoporosis

1 - Bone contraction and bone marrow reduction, bone mass and bone tissue erosion.

2 - Pain in bones or muscles, especially lower back or neck pain.

3 - Always pain in bones, pain increases suddenly in winter.

4 - Breaking of bones easily.

Top 12 Osteoporosis causes 

1 - Sex hormones especially estrogen in women and androgen deficiency in men.

2 - Lack of calcium and vitamin D in the body.

3 - Thyroid problem.

4 - Cancer of bones.

5 - Increasing Age.

6 - Bodyweight is above average.

7 - Genetic reasons

8 - Decreased physical activity or resting bed for more days.

9 - Smoking and excessive consumption of alcohol.

10 - Many health problems such as kidney and liver disease, inflammatory bowel disease, rheumatoid arthritis etc.

11 - According to the International Osteoporosis Association, most women consume contraceptive pills, steroid-containing drugs to reduce obesity, prevent hair fall, and protect the skin from wrinkles, causing bone-weakening after menopause in such women. Hence, a major cause of osteoporosis includes the intake of drugs containing excessive steroids. If it is necessary to take steroid-containing drugs, alcohol and cigarette intake should be completely stopped and calcium and vitamin D in food should be increased.

12 - The cases of osteoporosis in youth continue to be reported. The lack of physical activity has decreased significantly due to sitting in the office and home for hours, due to which the bone mass starts decreasing in puberty. The increasing trend of gadgets and electronic devices has led to the imprisonment of young people who are unable to get natural light, leading to vitamin D deficiency, which increases the risk of osteoporosis.Causes such as the increasing trend of junk foods and fast foods, irregular lifestyle, stress, and sleep deprivation also play an important role in bone weakening.

Easy victims of Osteoporosis

1 - Females are more susceptible to osteoporosis than men. Especially in lean women of low stature, it is more likely.

2 - If any of the parents have osteoporosis, then their risk increases by 70 percent in their children.

3 - The risk of osteoporosis increases in women who reach irregular menstruation or premature menopause in puberty.

4 - Rheumatoid arthritis is also a risk factor for osteoporosis.

5 - It is feared among the malnourished youth. Poverty is also the cause of malnutrition and the wrong lifestyle.

How to avoid Osteoporosis

1- Changes in lifestyle. Eat nutritious food, especially food that is rich in calcium and vitamin D. Include green leafy vegetables, milk, and milk products and fish in the diet.

2 - Maintain an average body weight.

3 - Try to walk one mile daily because walking helps in increasing bone mass.

4 - Be physically active, exercise regularly

5 - Minimize the intake of processed food and salt.

6 - Eat whole grains. They are full of nutrients that are essential for bone health.

7 - Get the bone density test done. In the bone density test, the spine, hips, and wrists are screened with a special type of X-ray DXA (dual-energy X-ray). The strength of these parts is measured by measuring the density of bones so that they can be treated before the bones are broken. 
When to start: - 45 years old
 How many times should it be done:- Do it once in five years.

 Treatment of Osteoporosis

Once bones become weak, it is not possible to get their strength and capacity. Therefore, it is important not to allow bones to become weak. People suffering from osteoporosis are advised to take calcium and vitamin D, especially vitamin D -3 and bisphosphonate, as supplements. Vitamin K also increases bone density. Apart from this, doctors can also use more therapy.

Above article is based upon the osteoporosis causes, osteoporosis symptoms and how to avoid osteoporosis and its treatment is only for information purpose if you suffered from osteoporosis consult your doctor. 


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